The Kyoto old map shows evolutions of Kyoto city. This historical map of Kyoto will allow you to travel in the past and in the history of Kyoto in Kansai - Japan. The Kyoto ancient map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
During the 8th century, when powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, the Emperor chose to relocate the historical capital to a region far from the Buddhist influence. Emperor Kammu selected the village of Uda, at the time in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province , for this honor. The new city, Heian-kyō (平安 京, "tranquility and peace capital"), a scaled replica of the then Tang capital Chang'an, became the seat of Japan imperial court in 794, beginning the Heian period of Japanese history as you can see in Kyoto historical map. Although military rulers established their governments either in Kyoto ( Muromachi shogunate ) or in other cities such as Kamakura ( Kamakura shogunate ) and Edo ( Tokugawa shogunate ), Kyoto remained Japan capital until the transfer of the imperial court to Tokyo in 1869 at the time of teaImperial Restoration . (Some believe that it is still a legal capital: see Capital of Japan .)
The historical city of Kyoto suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War of 1467-1477, and did not really recover until the mid-16th century as its shown in Kyoto historical map. Battles between samurai factions spilled into the streets, and came to involve the court nobility ( kuge ) and religious factions as well. Nobles mansions were transformed into fortresses, deep trenches dug throughout the city for defense and as firebreaks, and numerous buildings burned. The city has not seen such widespread destruction since. In late 16th century, Toyotomi Hideyoshi restructured the city by building new streets to double the number of north-south streets in central Kyoto, creating rectangle blocks superseding ancient square blocks. Hideyoshi also built earthwork walls called Odoi (御 土 illée) Circulating the city. Teramachi Street in central Kyoto is a Buddhist temple quarter where Hideyoshi gathered temples in the city.
With the ascendance of the Tokugawa shogunate at the beginning of the 17th century, the political centre again moved, this time to Edo (modern Tokyo) as its mentionedin Kyoto historical map. The Imperial court was left to pursue its ceremonial functions, and access to it was carefully monitored. Only after the arrival of Matthew Perry in 1853 and the collapse of the Tokugawa did Kyōto again come to the fore. At the Nijō-jo in 1867 the last Tokugawa shogun finally turned back to the Imperial court his mandate to rule the nation, marking the first time in more than 200 years that a ruling Tokugawa had set foot in Kyōto.
The Kyoto vintage map give a unique insight into the history and evolution of Kyoto city. This vintage map of Kyoto with its antique style will allow you to travel in the past of Kyoto in Kansai - Japan. The Kyoto vintage map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Shortly after the proclamation of the Meiji Restoration, however, the young Meiji emperor took up residence in the new capital, Tokyo—a move that has not been forgotten in vintage Kyōto. Kyōto busied itself in outbidding Ōsaka to become in 1872 the site of an annual exhibition that was held for more than 30 years as you can see in Kyoto vintage map. During World War II U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, recalling his visits to Kyōto, struck the city from the list of targets for aerial bombing. Its cultural treasures intact, it maintains a special place in the hearts of the Japanese and, increasingly, in the eyes of the world.
The modern city of Kyoto was formed on April 1, 1889 as its shown in Kyoto vintage map. The construction of Lake Biwa Canal in 1890 is one measure taken to revive the city. The population of the city exceeded one million in 1932. There was some consideration by the United States of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population "better able to appreciate the significance of the weapon." In the end, at the insistence of Henry L. Stimson , Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the city was removed from the list of targets and replaced by Nagasaki . The city was largely spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids did result in casualties.
Kyoto is one of the few vintage Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya . However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyoto Station complex as its mentioned in Kyoto vintage map. Kyoto became a city designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. In 1997, Kyoto hosted the conference that resulted in the protocol on greenhouse gas emissions that bears the city name.